Cuneiform in the Hittite Empire
Cuneiform was also adapted to the Hittite language of Asia Minor in the middle of the second millennium bc. Hittite was an Indo- European language, a member of the same linguistic family as English. Like the Urartians, the Hittites chose to borrow a good number of the ancient Sumerian logograms along with the Akkadian syllabary.
The Hittite Empire
Cuneiform in the Persian Empire
The idea of cuneiform - a script consisting of impressed wedge-shaped signs - spread yet further. Old Persian, the Indo-European language that came to share and then dominate the Elamite language area, is the language of a number of cuneiform-type royal inscriptions from the Achaemenid dynasty, which ruled Persia from 559 to 331 bc and included the famous kings Cyrus, Darius, and Xerxes. Luckily for later decipherers of cuneiform, Darius had a fondness for commemorative inscriptions; but the Old Persian script was not otherwise much used. It was midway between an alphabet and a simple syllabary.
Seal of Darius the Great with Old Persian cuneiform
The last use of Cuneiform at Ugarit
There is one final use to which the cuneiform style of writing was put. The last version of cuneiform to become known to the modern world was discovered in 1929 at what is now Ras Shamra on the coast of Syria. The site was once the Canaanite city of Ugarit in modern day Syria, which flourished between the fifteenth and twelfth centuries B.C. The Ugaritic script consisted of only 27 to 30 signs, depending on the context in which it was used. A cuneiform script used as an alphabet .